|Balzac, Honore De|
|Hofmansthal, Hugo von|
|Marivaux, Pierre Carlet de Chamblain de|
|Molière, Jean-Baptiste Poquelin de|
Henri Beyle, who called himself Stendhal, (and, like Molière, nobody knows why or where he got the name) was one of the great early to mid 19th century French novelists and writers. Best known for his masterpieces LE ROUGE ET LE NOIR (The Red and the Black) and The Charterhouse of Parma. He also wrote travel books, literature, art criticism and biographies of W.A. Mozart and Joseph Haydn. He was born in Grenoble. His father was a well-to-do lawyer and landowner. When the French empire fell in 1814 Stendahl decided to settle in Italy. His travel book, ROME, NAPLES ET FLORENCE EN 1817, appeared in 1817 and was the first publication for which he used the pen name Stendhal. In 1821 he returned to France and settled in Paris, frequenting the salons. He spent the rest of his life writing successfully and prolifically.